Chandragupta's victory over the Greeks

The triumph of Chandragupta Maurya over Selecus I Nicator (~305 B.C.E) demonstrated the inherent weakness of the greatest European armies (Hellenistic) when confronted with Indian skills and disciplines.

Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne of Magadha by uprooting the Nanda dynasty about ~320 B.C.E and by a series of brilliant military conquest established a kingdom from th e bank of Indus to the mouth of Ganga.

Seleceus, one of the ablest generals of Alexander obtained possession of the Asiatic dominions of his master, and after organizing his empire from Syria to Afghanistan, he proceeded to take possession of Punjab. However, unlike olden times during Alexander's reign when Punjab was parceled out among numerous petty chieftains unwilling to make a common cause against a foreign invader, this time it was the part of a well-organized empire.

Seleceus lost miserably. To add insult to the injury, he had to buy peace by ceding Paropanisadai/ Kabul, Arachosia/ Kandahar and Aria/ Herat and also a part of Baluchistan. The victorious king  married the daughter of Selecus and made a present of 500 elephants to his royal father-in-law.

1. Ancient India - R.C. Mazumdar