Bakhtiyar Khilji's conquest of Bengal and Bihar

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji

In this article I will talk about Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji and his conquest of Bengal and Bihar. The fact that Bangladesh is an Islamic nation today is because of the victory of Bakhtiyar Khilji. So if you want to know the history of Bhaktiyar Khilji, read on.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji
His real name was Ikhtiyar ad-Din Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji and he was also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyar 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji. (1) Bengali: ইখতিয়ার উদ্দিন মুহম্মদ বিন বখতিয়ার খিলজী, Persian: اختيار الدين محمد بن بختيار الخلجي , Hindi: बख्तियार खिलजीMuhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji Bangladesh Jihad

He is held in high esteem in Islamic Bangladesh, because during Bakhtiyar Khilji's reign, Islam achieved most number of converts in India (2). Al Mahmud, a famous Bangladeshi poet, wrote a book of poetry on Bakhtiyar Khilji, titled Bakhtiyarer Ghora (Horses of Bakhtiyar) in the early 1990s where Bakhtiyar Khilji was portrayed as the praiseworthy figurehead of conquest of Bengal.

However in democratic secular India he is considered a terrorist, a jihadi fundamentalist and a war criminal, similar to Osama Bin Laden or homosexual genocidal maniac Mahmud of Ghazni. Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji has been described by a historian as below:
"Muhammad ibn Bakhtiyar Khilji is a cursed name in the history of human progress because he had a penchant for seeking out and destroying world-famous Hindu seats of learning .. Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji belongs to that serried and solid phalanx of Muslim invaders who like countless, despicable termites made short work of books, scriptures and Hindu seats of learning."

bakhtiyar khilji railway station bakhtiyarpurIn Bihar India, there is a place called Baktiyarpur, named after Muhammad Khilji.  In 1193 when Ikhtiyar ad-Din Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji conquering Bihar, he came to destroy Nalanda University. On the wau he destroyed Buddhist monastries of Bakhtiyarpur, and muslim soldiers he left there named place Bakhtiarpur.

We also have Bakhtiyar Khilji railway station called Bakhtiyarpur Railway Station.  It is the major railway station in Danapur railway division.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji was one of the crowd of Khilji adventurers ( Khiljis ) who separated themselves from their tribe settled in Garamair .. He had no pretensions to a high lineage or rich heritage in his native land.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji's Conquests
Ikhtiyar Uddin Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji Killing Infidels KafirsAbout eleven miles due east of Chunar and some thirty miles from Mirzipur the village of Bhuili, overhung by a fort in ruins at the northem foot of the Vindhya range, now marks the cradle of Muhammad Bakhtyar's power and ambition .. After having supplanted the petty Gahadvar chiefs of this tract, he began ravaging the open country to the east of the Karmanasa and in the direction of Muner and Bihar. His fame as a doughty Lord Marcher and successful general soon attracted to his standard large bodies of Khiljis and Turks wandering about in Hindustan in search of bread and a new home. As the eastward expansion of the Muslim power through North Bihar was at this time barred by the powerful Hindu kingdom of Mithila under the Karnataka dynasty the momentum of the Muslim offensive under the leadership of Muhammad Bakhtyar acquired a greater driving force in South Bihar.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji was not the knight-errant of Islam to seek out and fight only his most formidable Hindu adversaries of whom there were several in the neighborhood.
 - Harishchandra, son of Jayachandra of Kauauj maintained his independence till at least 1100 A.D.;
 - a feudatory of that house, Ranaka Vijayakarna, erected a votive stone-pillar at Belkhara within 8 kos of Chunar in 1197 A.D.
- the Mahanayakas of the famous fort of Rohtas maintained their independence and one of their sub-vassals, Mahamandalika Udayaraja of Navanerapattana granted some villages to a Brahmin family in 1197 in the neighbourhood of Dehri-on-Son.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji's Strategy

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji Terrorist Killing Hindus

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji had no siege-train for capturing strong Hindu forts; nor was it his policy to provoke any wide-spread commotion in the country. His object was to secure a maximum of booty at a minimum of risk and bloodshed. So he confined himself to scouring the open country undefended by the field army of any organised State.

Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji's Bihar attack and Destruction of Nalanda

Destruction of Nalanda University

Nalanda University was the first Hindu-Buddhist fully residential university, and had inearly 10,000 students and about 2000 faculty members teaching a wide variety of topics like metaphysics, philosophy, Hindu Samkhya, Yogas, Vedas, Pali , Madhyamika and Tantrik darshana. Both Nastika (Jain, Buddha) as well as Astika (Samkhya, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Yoga, Mimasa) studies were pursued by the students with great gusto. For 800 years, Nalanda University thrived under Hindu and Buddhist rule. Nalanda University was held in high esteem by both Buddhist (Palas) as well as Hindu rulers (Guptas, Senas).

After having plundered the Hindu territory "for a year or two," he made a sudden dash for " the fortress of Bihar" (hisar-i-bihar) , captured it by forcing its postern-gate and put to the sword all its inhabitants, most of whom were shaven-headed monks possessing much wealth and more books. As the Muslims learnt afterwards that it was a vihAra or madrAsa, they gave the "whole country the name of Bihar, which had once been no doubt a land of Buddhist monasteries also. The fortified monastery which Bakhtyar captured probably in 1199 A.D. was known as Audand-Bihar or odaNDapura-vihAra.

An Account of the Destruction of Nalanda University
An account of the Destruction of Nalanda from a 19th cent. Islamic Bengali theater is given below. See also (4).

Qutub-ud-din Aibak to Bakhtiar Khilji: Khilji, I want you to march towards the Bay of Bengal and bring this entire Kafir (infidel) land under my rule. It is time for us to spread the teachings of the Holy Prophet, declared the Sultan.

As Kalji stopped his troops a couple of miles from the Nalanda complex, he was awed by its size and grandeur. What is this magnificent complex? He wondered. He ordered his soldier Abdulla to investigate.

Abdulla went towards the complex gate where the guard stopped him. The guard informed him that, as the tradition went, he had to answer three questions before he entered the complex.

Unable to answer, Abdulla got irritated and went back to his master the general himself galloped towards the gate and ordered his men to follow him. The guard stopped Muhammad Khilji and asked him the same questions he had asked Abdulla. He calmly drew his sword and beheaded the guard.

Muhammad Khilji Bakhtiar
After the prayers were over, Bakhtiar Khilji and his troops were truly energized. The general ordered the troops to swarm the university and spare no infidels.

Thousands of monks and students were beheaded and blood flowed in streams.

Temples, Stupas, and statues were destroyed. Those who could run tried to save their lives by hiding in the library as no one inside the university was taught to be a fighter. Moreover, they had no arms and were defenseless.

The general and his men came in front of the library. An old monk came from inside and begged the general to spare at least the library.

"Books will do no harm, please do not destroy the library," begged the old monk.
Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji Destroyed Nalanda University
"Is there a copy of the Holy Quran inside?" asked the general.

"No, there is not," replied the monk.

The answer infuriated the general beyond limits. The monks had to be punished , "And if any believe not in Allah and His Messenger, We have prepared, for those who reject Allah, a Blazing Fire!"

"Then, it is settled. Burn the library," he ordered his troops as he swung his sword again, beheading the old monk.

As the library was engulfed in flames trapping those who had taken refuge in the building Bakhtiar Khilji, who was utterly disgusted at the practice of idolatry he had just witnessed, addressed his soldier Abdulla.

"Brother Abdulla, It is going to take a long time to eradicate idolatry from Hindustan. Insha'Allah, we will succeed one day, and we will clean this place forever. We shall make this Kafir land truly Dar Al-Islam."
Muhammad Bakhtiar Khilji Beheading Monk

The burning of the library continued for several months and "smoke from the burning manuscripts hung for days like a dark pall over the low hills." (5)

According to all Muslim historians, Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji led his army a second time in the direction of Bihar in the year following the sack of the fortified monastery of that name. This year, i.e. 1200 A.D., he was busy consolidating his hold over that province .. There is a very faithful echo of the then state of things in Bihar in the Buddhist tradition which tells us that the famous saint and scholar, Shakya Shribhadra of Kashmir visited Magdha after 1200 A.D. The traveler found Odantapuri-vihira and the Vikramashila monastery in ruins, and terrified by the excesses of the Turks in Magadha he fled for safety ..

"The Holy War" in Nadia undertaken by Muhammad Bakhtyar Khilji

During the dry season of the year 1201 A.D. a troop of foreign cavalry was riding with loose reins towards the city of Nadia. When the sun was at the meridian these men only nineteen in number, slackened the momentum of their ride before the city-gate, and assumed the placid demeanour of merchants. The strangers slowly proceeded unchallenged through the city to the palace of King Lakshmsena where all of a sudden they drew their swords, and as the Muslim historian puts it "began the holy war". [ When he reached the gate of the residence of Rai Lakhmaniya, he drew his sword and began the slaughter of infidels... Muhammad Baktiyar had run into his palace and harem and cut down a number of people. (Tabaqat-i-Nasiri, Bib Ind., 150-151)]

All was now tumult and panic within the palace as well as in the city outside. When the old monarch. just seated at his meal learnt that the assailants had already dashed into his palace and the inner apartments, he hurriedly took to flight and got into a boat which sailed down the river for some refuge in East Bengal. The victory of Bakhtyar was completed "when his whole army arrived and the entire city was brought under control."

Thus Islam finally arrived in eastern India with the advent of Bahtiyar Khilji. After 800 years this lead to the division of Bengal into secular democratic West Bengal and Isalmic Bangladesh.

Muhammad Bakhtiar Khilji Islamic Fundamnetalism

Notes Based on:
The History of Bengal, Vol II, Muslim Period 1200 A.D to 1757 A.D, Sir Jadunath Sarkar
Page 21 Onwards

Other Sources
(2) The preaching of Islam: a history of the propagation of the Muslim faith By Sir Thomas Walker Arnold, pg. 227-228
(3) As per P.N. Oak
(4) Nalanda - A Forgotten Genocide
(5) Gertrude Emerson Sen (1964). The Story of Early Indian Civilization. Orient Longmans.


You may also like:
3 Horrifying Things about Mahmud Ghazni
3 Disturbing Facts about Indian Sub-continent
3 Shocking Facts about Babur
3 Disturbing Facts about Indian Sub-continent
Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Astronomical Sources
Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Amazing Sources

That's it. Thank you for reading Bakhtiyar Khilji's conquest of Bengal and Bihar. Please show your appreciation by sharing and/or leaving a comment.


  1. It is more stories than facts

    1. Nope. Based on facts. All references are given at the end.

    2. of course, mussalmans will say all these are not true... its al taqqiyya... lying create good impression about themselves... the fact remains that mohammedans are anti-humans... worst living creatures..

    3. He should have killed your ancestors instead of raping them and producing bastard sons.

  2. All Indian should know there true history...not one distorted by sikulerist

  3. Painful to know how the seats of learning were destroyed.

    1. This is no good destroy nalanda university and killed a lot of innocent people. But they revenge strongly . 1258 ad kalago khan destroyed abbasi khalaphat and killed all of them prophet muhammed family khalifa muntasir. THE MUGOL KING INVADED 150000 SOLDIER AND DESTROYED TO BIG LIBRERY TOO. THEY KILLED ALMOST 2400000 PEOPLE IN IRAN AND IRAQ. THEIR ONE SOLDIER KILLED AVERAGELY 24 MUSLIM.

  4. When Shakya Sribhadra found in 1100 CE that Nalanda and Bikramshila bihars were ruined and burned, how the blame for it can be attributed to Bakhtiar Khilzi ( 1197 - 1206 CE )?

    1. Thank you for pointing out the mistake. Please read 1100 as 1200. Shakya Sribhadra's date is 1215 CE, well after Khilji.

      Hence Baktiyar Khilzi (1197 - 1206 CE) is to blame for burning and ruining Nalanda and Vikramshila.

    2. as a muslim you will always defend your blood thirsty male cohabitants..

  5. why not trace bakhtyar khiliji's fatal march to tibet?

  6. why not trace bakhtyar khiliji's fatal march to tibet?

  7. I'm not anti-Muslim or anything. I have met plenty of wonderful Muslims from countries like Turkey, Uzbekistan, Iran, Bahrain, Indonesia, Malaysia and even Pakistan. But, these Bangladeshis make my skin crawl. Does it have something to do with how ugly they really are?

    I could foresee India and Pakistan merging together in future once again. But, Bangladesh. It's damaged too far beyond redemption. Just look at those scary, bearded Mullahs, the creation of Baktiar Khilji.

  8. What's up, just wanted to say, I loved this blog post.
    It was practical. Keep on posting!

  9. Howdy! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent info you have
    got here on this post. I'll be returning to
    your website for more soon.

  10. Just wish to say your article is as astounding. The clearness for your
    publish is just excellent and i could assume you are an expert
    on this subject. Fine together with your permission let me
    to snatch your RSS feed to keep up to date with imminent post.
    Thanks 1,000,000 and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  11. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for
    this info for my mission.

  12. All the places named after खिलजी should be rename and monuments of खिलजी must be fully destroy. Jai Hind

  13. All the places named after खिलजी should be rename and monuments of खिलजी must be fully destroy. Jai Hind

  14. Good blog you have here.. It's hard to find good quality writing like yours nowadays.
    I really appreciate people like you! Take care!!


Post a Comment