7 States of Matter

When we were in school we learned about the 3 states of matter, solid, liquid and gas. For those who went on to study Chemistry, they also learned of a fourth state of matter called plasma. What a thrill it was for me.

But truth be told, there are many states of matter.

#1 States of Matter Solid

A solid as we all know holds a rigid shape without a container.

States of Matter Solid Liquid

#2 States of Matter Liquid

A mostly non-compressible fluid. Able to conform to the shape of its container but retaining a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.

#3 States of Matter Gas


A compressible fluid. Not only will a gas conform to the shape of its container but it will also expand to fill the container.

#4 States of Matter Plasma



Plasma consists of free charged particles, usually in equal numbers, such as ions and electrons.

#5 States of Matter Superconductivity

Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic fields occurring in certain materials when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature. Source.

Things start levitating or floating!

#6 States of Matter Superfluid

A phase achieved by a few cryogenic liquids at extreme temperature where they become able to flow without friction. A superfluid can flow up the side of an open container and down the outside.



The liquid helium is in the superfluid phase. As long as it remains superfluid, it creeps up the wall of the cup as a thin film. It comes down on the outside, forming a drop which will fall into the liquid below. Another drop will form—and so on—until the cup is empty. Source.

#7 States of Matter Supersolid

A supersolid is able to move without friction but retains a rigid shape.

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Source
States of Matter
Strange Matter

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Comments

  1. I love the superconductivity photo mate. I had never really heard of the super solid state. It sounds quite impressive :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks a lot. Glad you found it informative!

      Being a fan of weird & amazing stuffs in science and history, I keep track of websites like wiatbutwhy, todayifoundout etc. You can check them out too ...

      Cheers! :)

      Delete
  2. Wish they explained it in school this way.

    ReplyDelete
  3. My knowledge just got expanded, expanding my mind....another form of matter?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ahh .. the eternal debate between mind and matter - I leave it to the philosophers :)

      Thanks for the appreciation!

      Delete
  4. Great article. Reading it makes me think about it. Really this is awesome :)

    ReplyDelete

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