In this article, I will give a really long list of Super Long English words, along with meaning, etymology, origin, usage and trivia. In other words, this post is a detailed guide on 5 largest super long English words.
English is an interesting and funny language, and contains some strange and peculiar words, more so than other languages. In one of my earlier posts I had Longest English Words based on some criteria, particularly:
- Longest English word without vowels - rhythm
- Longest English word without consonants - Euouae
- Longest English Word with no repeated letters - dermatoglyphics, misconjugatedly, uncopyrightables
- Longest English Word with letters in alphabetical order - Aegilops
- Longest English Word with letters in reverse alphabetical order - Spoonfeed
- Longest English Word with alternating consonants and vowels - Honorificabilitudinitatibus
- Longest English Word to play on a musical instrument - Cabbaged and fabaceae
- Longest English Word made up of Roman Numerals - Cimicic and Cimicid
However, readers have also been requesting a list of longest English words in absolute terms. Hence I have prepared this detailed guide of Super Long English Words.
#1 Super Long English Word
Length: 183 letters in English (171 in Greek)
It is a food dish.
This is a transliteration of the Greek word λοπαδοτεμαχοσελαχογαλεοκρανιολειψανοδριμυποτριμματοσιλφιοκαραβομελιτοκατακεχυμενοκιχλεπικοσσυφοφαττοπεριστεραλεκτρυονοπτοκεφαλλιοκιγκλοπελειολαγῳοσιραιοβαφητραγανοπτερύγων
The word first appeared in a Greek play published in 319 BC by Aristophanes called Ecclesiazusae (Ἐκκλησιάζουσαι) or Assemblywomen.
The word is used for the first time on the way to a banquet.
It is time, friends, high time to go to the banquet - if we want to have our share of it -  to go to the banquet. Open your ranks and let the Cretan rhythms regulate your dances.
That's what I am doing.
And you others, let your light steps too keep time.
 Very soon we'll be eating  lepadotemachoselachogaleokranioleipsanodrimypotrimmatosilphiotyromelitokatakechymenokichlepikossyphophattoperisteralektryonoptokephaliokinklopeleiolagoiosiraiobaphetragalopterygon.  Come, quickly, seize hold of a plate, snatch up a cup, and let's run to secure a place at table. The rest will have their jaws at work by this time.
Image Courtesy: Ritaroberts
Lopadotemachoselachogaleokranioleipsanodrimhypotrimmatosilphioparaomelitokatakechymenokichlepikossyphophattoperisteralektryonoptekephalliokigklopeleiolagoiosiraiobaphetraganopterygon is a "fictional fricassee comprised of rotted dogfish head, wrasse, wood pigeon, and the roasted head of a dabchick, among other culinary morsels".
An old English translation by Rev. Rowland Smith (1833) loosely translates the word as below.
"All sorts of good cheer;
Limpets, oysters, salt fish,
And a skate too a dish,
Lampreys, with the remains
Of sharp sauce and birds' brains,
With honey so luscious,
Plump blackbirds and thrushes,
Cocks' combs and ring doves,
Which each epicure loves,
Also wood-pigeons blue,
With juicy snipes too,
And to close all, O rare!
The wings of jugged hare!"
It is the longest word to ever appear in the Guiness book of World records.
12 Exceptionally Long or Extremely Special Words
Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae Eugene O'Neill, Jr., Ed.
Intrigued by Aristophanes? Check out his other works.
#2 Super Long English Word
Length: 45 letters
- As per Oxford dictionary, the word was probably invented in 1930 by Everett M. Smith, president of the National Puzzlers' League.
- As per Dictionary.com, it said in an early reference to have been invented by seventh grade students in Norfolk, Virginia. | pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis. (n.d.). Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved October 17, 2015, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
Story behind the word
The word began as a joke.
Here is what Michael Quinion of world wide words has to say, which I am producing verbatim.
The story starts in New York in 1935. The famous National Puzzlers’ League of the US, the longest-surviving puzzle organisation in the world, was holding its 103rd semi-annual meeting at the Hotel New Yorker. The then president of the NPL was Everett M Smith, whose day job was news editor of the Christian Science Monitor but who in these circles was known as Puzzlesmith. Mr Smith introduced p45 to the meeting to illustrate the ever-increasing length of medical terms. But doctors knew nothing of it, because it was the creation of Mr Smith’s nimble mind.
#3 Super Long English Word
Length: 42 letters
Image Courtesy: thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast
As you can see, it is a fly. Also known as Soldier Fly.
- According to mentalfloss this is the longest accepted binomial construction.
- Parastratiosphecomyia stratiosphecomyioides is a species of fly in the soldier fly family.
- It is considered to be the animal with the longest scientific name.
Length: 34 letters
Image Courtesy: bleedingcool
Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious is a famous song from the wonderful 1964 movie Mary Poppins , sung by Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke.
The lyrics of the song goes as follows.
Even though the sound of it is something quite atrocious
If you say it loud enough, you'll always sound precocious
Origin of Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious
Here is the story of how the word developed over a period of two weeks. I am reproducing it from a BBC article Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious: What does it mean? published in March 2012.
In an interview with a website in Los Angeles, Richard Sherman once said it was a word constructed in the same way he and his brother used to make up words in their childhood.
"We used to make up the big double-talk words, we could make a big obnoxious word up for the kids and that's where it started.
"'Obnoxious' is an ugly word so we said 'atrocious', that's very British.
"We started with 'atrocious' and then you can sound smart and be precocious.
"We had 'precocious' and 'atrocious' and we wanted something super-colossal and that's corny, so we took 'super' and did double-talk to get 'califragilistic' which means nothing, it just came out that way.
"That's in a nutshell what we did over two weeks."
Definition of Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious
- According to the film itself, the word means "something to say when you have nothing to say".
- The official definition of the word is "Atoning for educability through delicate beauty".
- According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word has now come to mean an expression of excited approval.
- Castillian Spanish - Supercalifragilisticoexpialidoso
- Danish - Superkolofantalistieksplialisofisk
- Dutch - Superkwalikwantiviaextraquasiotisch
- French - Supercalifragilisticexpidélilicieux
- German - Supercalifragilisticexpialigetisch
- Hebrew - סופרקאליפרג'ליסטיקאקספיאלידושס
- Italian - Supercalifragilistichespiralidoso
- Japanese - "スーパーカリフラジリスティックエクスピアリドーシャス"
- Latin Spanish - Supercalifragilisticoexpialidoso
- Norwegian - Superoptikjempefantafenomenalistisk
- Polish - Superkalifradalistodekspialitycznie
- Russian - Суперкалифраджилистикэкспиалидошес
- Swedish - Superhärlifraggellistighäxlikhalledosen
Watch the YouTube video below.
#5 Super Long English Word
Length: 30 letters
Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism is a thyroid disorder. Technically it is a condition where the individual has the phenotypic appearance of pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a, but is biochemically normal. Wikipedia.
Accoring to Merrian Webster it is a relatively mild form of pseudohypoparathyroidism that is characterized by normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood.
As per Orphanet, which is a portal for rare diseases and orphan drugs, pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (pseudoPHP) patients display various features of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy AHO including
- short stature which develops over time
- absence of pubertal growth spurt (mean final height is between -2 and -3 SD)
- rounded face
- absence of widening of the lumbar spine
- ectopic ossifications of soft-tissues, which may develop spontaneously or after trauma.
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Featured Image Courtesy: team-bhp forum
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