Scientific Date of Mahabharata War from Many Sources


Scientific Date of Mahabharata War

In this post I will provide an analysis on the scientific date of Mahabharata War from 14 sources.

Finding the scientific Date of Mahabharata War is a very challenging historical issue.  Research has been going on for long. Many Western linguistics, communists and leftist historians in India as well as abroad, treat Mahabharata and Ramayana as myths, whereas many others consider it to be true.

My view, all that is there in Mahabharata may not be true, but it is also not false.

At best we may say that the date of Mahabharata War is likely to be around 2800 BC.

Scientific Date of Mahabharata War from Inscriptions, Texts and Archaeology

In one of my previous articles titled Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Amazing Sources, I had discussed about the following 6 dates.

Scientific Date of Mahabharata War Aryabhatta
Image Source: Vedic Sciences

1. Scientific Date of Mahabharata War As per NASA is 2559 BC.

Dr. S. Balakrishna (NASA, USA) analyzed the event of two eclipses in (a span of) 13 days prior to Mahabharata using Lodestar Pro software and came up with 2559 BC.

Hence date of Mahabharata War as per NASA is 2559 BC.

2. Date of Mahabharat War From Aihole Inscription is 3102 BC

An inscription in the Jain Temple at Aihole prepared by one Chalukya King Pulakesin says  that the temple was constructed in 3735 years, after the Mahabharata War and 556 years of Shaka (Saka) era in Kali era, that is in 634 AD.

(V. 33.) (Now) when thirty (and) three thousand and five years besides, joined with seven hundred years, have passed since the Bharata war;
(V. 34.) And when fifty (and) six and five hundred years of the Saka kings also have gone by in the Kali age;
(V. 35.) This stone mansion of Jinendra, a mansion of every kind of greatness, has been caused to be built by the wise Ravikirti, who has obtained the highest favour of that
Satyashraya whose rule is bounded by the three oceans.


Source: http://www.sdstate.edu/projectsouthasia/upload/Aihole-Inscription-of-Pulikeshin-II.pdf

Hence the date of Mahabharata War as per Aihole Inscription is 3102 BC.

3. Scientific Date of Kurukshetra War As per Greek Records is 3360 BC.

The Greek Ambassador Megasthenes has recorded that 138 generations had passed between Krishna and Chandragupta Maurya (300 BC).

Taking 20 years per generation, 138 generations means that 2760 years have elapsed between date of Mahabharata War and Chandragupta Maurya.

Hence date of Mahabharata War as per Greek Records is 3360 BC.

4. Mahabharat As per Aryabhatta is 3102 BC.

Aryabhatta was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy

He has written the following
"When the three yugas (satya yuga, treta yuga and dwapara yuga) have elapsed and 60 x 60 (3,600) years of kali yuag have already passed, I am now 23 years old.

This comes to 3102 BC. Hence date of Mahabharata War as Aryabhatta is 3102 BC.

5. Scientific Date of Mahabharath War As per Archaeological evidence is 1800 BC.

Dr. S.R. Rao based on archaeological evidence obtained from onshore and offshore excavations conducted in Dwaraka, Bet Dwarka and in the Kurukshetra region found 1900-1700 B.C. as acceptable.

6. Dating Mahabharat War As per Riyazu S Salatin

In an analysis of the highly esteemed Muslim history book Riyazu s Salatin by hardline Islamic historian Ghulam Hussain Salim, I had estimated the scientific date of Mahabharata War as 2865 BCE.


Scientific Date of Mahabharata War from Astronomy

In a separate analysis called Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Astronomical Sources,  I had shown that the scientific date of Mahabharata War based on all astronomical sources is around 2800 BC.  


7. Scientific Date of Mahabharata War As per Planetarium Software - 3126 BC

As per Ramesh Panchwagh, using Cyber Sky Planetarium program based on JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) ephemeris 404, the date of Mahabharata War is 3126 BC. This is based on a number of astronomical references one of which is the 7 planets lining up together and solar eclipse.

Hence date of Mahabharata War as per Planetarium Software is 3126 BC. Source.

8. Date of Mahabharat War As per Prof Narhari Achar - 3067 BC

As per Prof Narhari Achar of Dept of Physics, University of Memphis, date of Mahabharata War is 3067 BC. Source.

He arrived at this date using Planetarium software based on occurrence of eclipse, full moon and other references in Udyoga Parvan and Bhishma Parvan of Mahabharata.

9. Scientific Date of Kurukshetra War As per P V Holey - 3143 BC

As per P V Holey in a session "Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data" in 2003 in Bangalore, date of Mahabharata War is 3143 BC. Source.

This is based on important  events with planetary positions after comparing astronomical dates based on nakshatra, the Julian and Gregorian systems. 

10. Mahabharat As per Prof Raja - 3067 BC

As per Prof Raja, a participant in the Vidur Ashrama Seminar, the date of Mahabharata War is 3067 BC. This is based on the position of certain stars and the position of the sun in the zodiac.

Source: Delhi, Ancient History. Upinder Singh.
 
11. Scientific Date of Mahabharath As per Dr Mohan Gupta - 1952 BC

As per Dr Mohan Gupta in a session 'Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data' in 2003 in Bangalore, the date of Mahabharata War is 1952 BC.

This is based on astronomical references in Mahabharat and Puranas. Source.

12. Date of Mahabharath War As per Prof R N Iyengar - 1478 BC

As per Prof R N Iyengar of IISc Bangalore in a session 'Date of Kurukshetra War based on astronomical data' in 2003 in Bangalore, the date of Mahabharata War is 1478 BC.

This is based on all possible double eclipses between 3000 BC to 500 BC. Source.
 
13. Dating Mahabharat War As per Lodestar Pro Software - 2559 BC

As per Dr S Balakrishna of NASA, the date of Mahabharata War could be one of 3129 BC, 2559 BC, 2056 BC, 1853 BC, 1708 BC and 1397 BC.

This is based on all possible double eclipses with 13 days gap between 3300 BC to 700 BC ascertained using Lodestar Pro software. Source.

Mahabharata and Indus Valley Civilization
In an article called 5 Amazing similarities between Mahabharata and Indus Valley Civilization, I had demonstrated the amazing similarities between Mahabharata and Indus Vally Civilization using scientific evidence.

Scientific Date of Mahabharata War Indus Valley Civilization Unicorn Seal

14. Scientific Date of Kurukshetra War As per Indus Valley Seals

Scientific Date of Mahabharata War as per Indus Valley / Harappan seal and other geological evidence is between 3500 BC to 2500 BC.

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You may also like:
Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Amazing Sources
Date of Mahabharata War from 7 Astronomical Sources
Date of Mahabharata War from Riyazu S Salatin
5 Amazing similarities between Mahabharata and Indus Valley Civilization
5 Shocking Facts about Mahmud of Ghazni
3 Shocking Facts about Babur

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Comments

  1. A probable range compiled from different sources. Recently came to know of the date mentioned in the Aihole inscriptions.

    ReplyDelete
  2. mysterious.. it always creates so much interest in me.. especially the Yugas.. I read in wiki that we are now in Golden Era of Kali Yuga, that is just the beginning of it.. so wast and so interesting things.. thanks for sharing this post

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  3. When planning a trip to Aihole we will definitely love to see the inscription.Thanks for bringing the post from various sources.

    Cheers,
    Sriram & Krithiga

    ReplyDelete
  4. This is a wonderful compilation.
    I always thought it was a myth.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks a lot! As they say, history is an intersection of myths and facts and memories. :)

      Delete
  5. I didn't even know there are so many citations of Mahabharata!

    Richa

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    Replies
    1. Oh this is just the tip of the iceberg! There are at least some 100+ citations to my knowledge. Hopefully one day I'll compile and present an exhaustive list of such citations.

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  6. Very interesting compilation. But I have a basic question. Who decides whether the work of literature of folklore is mythology. I have heard the opening lines so many times......According to Greek Mythology.....
    Should be interesting to find out when exactly and by whom Mahabharata was declared a mythology.

    ReplyDelete

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